1 After the uproar had ceased, Paul called the disciples to himself, embraced them, and departed to go to Macedonia.
2 Now when he had gone over that region and encouraged them with many words, he came to Greece
3 and stayed three months. And when the Jews plotted against him as he was about to sail to Syria, he decided to return through Macedonia.
4 And Sopater of Berea accompanied him to Asia—also Aristarchus and Secundus of the Thessalonians, and Gaius of Derbe, and Timothy, and Tychicus and Trophimus of Asia.
5 These men, going ahead, waited for us at Troas.
6 But we sailed away from Philippi after the Days of Unleavened Bread, and in five days joined them at Troas, where we stayed seven days.
The record before us is very brief. Some have thought the reason is the fact that the apostle had turned aside from Him given ministry and therefore the Holy Spirit had nothing to report. We do believe that this is correct. — Gaebelein, page 340.
Macedonia (v.1) — According to his declared intention (19:21), though his departure was expedited by the riot. He sailed by a coasting vessel, trans-shipping at Troas, where he tarried for a time expecting Titus who had been dispatched on special business to Corinth, probably bearing with him the First Epistle to the Corinthians. While he waited for Titus, special opportunities presented themselves for work in Troas (2 Corinthians 2:12). But on account of his anxiety for news from Corinth, aggravated, it would seem, by a serious illness and by distress about the condition of the Galatian churches (2 Corinthians 1:8-10), he curtailed his campaign in Troas and passed on to Macedonia (2 Corinthians 2:13).
Ramsay suggests that Titus, unable to cross the open sea out of the sailing season, had to take a coasting voyage via Macedonia, and so was much delayed. Of course, also, Paul had arrived at Troas much earlier than had been originally contemplated. The two finally met in Macedonia, probably in Philippi (2 Corinthians 7:5-7). It is strange that Titus is not mentioned in the Acts as he plays so important a part in the third missionary journey and afterwards. He was clearly a Greek. In Macedonia, Paul met also Timothy again, possibly at Thessalonica. — Walker, page 431.
gone over (v.2) — His itinerating tour would, of course, include Philippi, Berea and Thessalonica — and seems to have been extended as far as Illyricum, a province bordering on the Adriatic Sea, north of Macedonia (Romans 15:19). His attention was much occupied at this time in collecting alms from the Gentile churches for the poor at Jerusalem. The summer and autumn were spent over this Macedonian tour. To this period must be assigned his Second Epistle to the Corinthians, dispatched by Titus, who gladly undertook a second journey to Corinth, accompanied by two others. — Walker, pages 431-432.
three months (v.3) — That is December, January and February. During this time, he wrote and dispatched his great Epistle to the Romans sending it by Phoebe (Romans 16:1-2). Timothy and others united with him in sending greetings to the Roman Christians (Romans 16:21-23). We gather from its pages that his mind was set on going to Rome and the West, as also that he anticipated trouble in Jerusalem (Romans 15:22-33). — Walker, page 432.
accompanied (v.4) —We gather that this representative party must have been delegates of the Gentile churches, entrusted with contributions for the poor of Jerusalem. Paul had been urging these collections strongly in Galatia (1 Corinthians 16:1), Macedonia (2 Corinthians 8:1-4), Achaia (1 Corinthians 16:15; 2 Corinthians 8:16-24), and doubtless in Asia also. He seems to have attached the greatest importance to them as a means of promoting unity between Jew and Gentile. Though these collections are not specifically mentioned in the Acts, they are alluded to in 24:17 (cf. Romans 15:25). he had himself suggested that the offerings should be entrusted to chosen delegates (1 Corinthians 16:3-4), to travel in his company. — Walker, page 433.