John 11:33-38

33 Therefore, when Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who came with her weeping, He groaned in the spirit and was troubled.

34 And He said, “Where have you laid him?” They said to Him, “Lord, come and see.”

35 Jesus wept.

36 Then the Jews said, “See how He loved him!”

37 And some of them said, “Could not this Man, who opened the eyes of the blind, also have kept this man from dying?”

38 Then Jesus, again groaning in Himself, came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone lay against it.

troubles (v. 33) = The outward expression of His inward emotion — For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses … (Hebrews 4:15). Jesus was sympathizing with the sorrow of His friends.

weeping (v. 33) = loud lament

Where have you laid him? (v. 34) — Jesus knew, but He never made a show of His omniscience.

wept (v. 35) = silent weeping

Three times Jesus wept — each time over the consequences of sin. He is … a Man of sorrows and acquainted with grief (Isaiah 53:3). — Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weep with them that weep (Romans 12:15).

  1. Here at Lazarus’s tomb

  2. Over Jerusalem (Luke 19:14)

  3. In Gethsemane (Hebrews 5:7)

Could not this Man (v. 37) — sarcasm —  For consider Him who endured such hostility from sinners against Himself, lest you become weary and discouraged in your souls (Hebrews 12:3).

Jesus’s groaning (v. 38) may have included indignation at the chaos caused by sin and the lack of faith surrounding Him.

cave (v. 38) = a horizontal chamber carved into rock.

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