Genesis 45:16-28

16 Now the report of it was heard in Pharaoh’s house, saying, “Joseph’s brothers have come.” So it pleased Pharaoh and his servants well.

17 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Say to your brothers, ‘Do this: Load your animals and depart; go to the land of Canaan.

18 Bring your father and your households and come to me; I will give you the best of the land of Egypt, and you will eat the fat of the land.

19 Now you are commanded—do this: Take carts out of the land of Egypt for your little ones and your wives; bring your father and come.

20 Also do not be concerned about your goods, for the best of all the land of Egypt is yours.’”

21 Then the sons of Israel did so; and Joseph gave them carts, according to the command of Pharaoh, and he gave them provisions for the journey.

22 He gave to all of them, to each man, changes of garments; but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver and five changes of garments.

23 And he sent to his father these things: ten donkeys loaded with the good things of Egypt, and ten female donkeys loaded with grain, bread, and food for his father for the journey.

24 So he sent his brothers away, and they departed; and he said to them, “See that you do not become troubled along the way.”

25 Then they went up out of Egypt, and came to the land of Canaan to Jacob their father.

26 And they told him, saying, “Joseph is still alive, and he is governor over all the land of Egypt.” And Jacob’s heart stood still, because he did not believe them.

27 But when they told him all the words which Joseph had said to them, and when he saw the carts which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of Jacob their father revived.

28 Then Israel said, “It is enough. Joseph my son is still alive. I will go and see him before I die.”

Joseph was greatly esteemed in Egypt, by everyone from Pharaoh on down. He in fact had been Egypt’s deliverer, and the whole nation was grateful. …

Pharaoh instructed Joseph to tell his brothers to return to Canaan and to bring their father and all their households into Egypt, promising that they would receive the good things of Egypt and eat the “fat” (that is, the best food) of the land. Pharaoh so insisted that they come to Egypt that he actually “commanded” them to do this. He even gave them wagons with which they could bring their wives and children and their father, in order to make the journey as easy as possible for them. These “wagons” were essentially carts, usually on two wooden wheels, drawn by oxen or horses. This is the first mention of wagons in the Bible and suggests that they were essentially unique to Egypt at that time.

Pharaoh further instructed them not to try to pack up all their “stuff,” or “vessels.” He would give them all the utensils and miscellaneous household items they would need, when they reached Egypt. — Morris, page 624.


As Joseph sent his brothers away, he wished them well and admonished them to “fall not out by the way.” The more common meaning [of this word] is “be troubled.” Thus, Joseph was telling them not to let doubts or fears arise again to trouble them after they had left him. Every one of his promises was genuine, and he wanted them all to move down to Egypt with minimum delay. — Morris, page 625.


It is noteworthy that, as [a] change in attitude came over Jacob, the narrative, which had been calling him by his old name, Jacob (vs. 25-27), suddenly begins calling him Israel again (v.28). …

No comment is made on what his sons must have told him about how Joseph got to Egypt in the first place. … Morris, page 625


It may mean (v.23) prepared meat; some made-up dishes, delicacies, confectioneries, etc. In Asiatic countries they have several curious methods of preserving flesh by potting, by which it may be kept, for any length of time, sweet and wholesome. Some delicacy, similar to the savory meat which Isaac loved, may be here intended; sent to Jacob in consideration of his age, and to testify the respect of his son; for of other kinds of meat he could have no need, as he had large flocks and herds, and could kill a lamb, kid, etc. when he pleased. — Treasury, page 33.

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