Romans 16:11-16

Romans 16:11-16 — Salute Herodion my kinsman. Greet them that be of the household of Narcissus, which are in the Lord.

Salute Tryphena and Tryphosa, who labor in the Lord. Salute the beloved Persis, which labored much in the Lord.

Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.

Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes, and the brethren which are with them.

Salute Philologus, and Julia, Nereus, and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints which are with them.

Salute one another with an holy kiss. The churches of Christ salute you.

kinsman — probably a fellow Jew

household — slaves

Narcissus — wicked, put to death three years earlier

Tryphaena and Tryphosa — probably sisters. Their names mean "those who live voluptuously."

Persis — "labored" (past tense) perhaps elderly?

Rufus — maybe mentioned in Mark 15:21, whose father, Simon, carried the cross. Simon's wife still lived.

Philologus and Julia — husband and wife. Nereus — their son?

kiss — ordinary greeting between those of the same sex

Greet one another — be as warmly loving within the church as Paul has been to the church.

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