Romans 9:27-29

27 Isaiah also cries out concerning Israel: “Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, the remnant will be saved.

28 For He will finish the work and cut it short in righteousness, because the Lord will make a short work upon the earth.”

29 And as Isaiah said before: “Unless the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we would have become like Sodom, and we would have been made like Gomorrah.”

Verse 27-28 quote from Isaiah 10:22-23 — For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, yet a remnant of them shall return: the consumption decreed shall overflow with righteousness. For the Lord GOD of hosts shall make a consumption, even determined, in the midst of all the land. Referring to the coming Assyrian captivity and end times.

work (v.28) — should be “word” (Logos) — what the Lord fulfills

Verse 28 — God will cut short the time to preserve the remnant. (The last part of the verse isn’t in the best manuscripts.)

Verse 29 quote from Isaiah 1:9 — Except the LORD of hosts had left unto us a very small remnant, we should have been as Sodom, and we should have been like unto Gomorrah.

Sabaoth = Hebrew word for “hosts”

Paul uses Isaiah’s prophecy, still unfulfilled, about a remnant of Israel that will be saved in the end times to refer to a remnant saved by grace in this age.

Seed — the believing remnant in the future.

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