12 Then Jesus went into the temple of God and drove out all those who bought and sold in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who sold doves.
13 And He said to them, “It is written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer,’ but you have made it a ‘den of thieves.’”
14 Then the blind and the lame came to Him in the temple, and He healed them.
15 But when the chief priests and scribes saw the wonderful things that He did, and the children crying out in the temple and saying, “Hosanna to the Son of David!” they were indignant
16 and said to Him, “Do You hear what these are saying?” And Jesus said to them, “Yes. Have you never read, ‘Out of the mouth of babes and nursing infants
You have perfected praise’?”
17 Then He left them and went out of the city to Bethany, and He lodged there.
This account is also found in Mark 11:15-19 and Luke 19:45-47.
This (v.12) is the second time Jesus cleared the temple. The first was at the beginning of His ministry as recorded in John 2:13-22.
money-changers (v.12) — the people were required to exchange Roman money for temple money at a rate advantageous to the temple authorities.
It is written (v.13) — from Isaiah 56:7 and Jeremiah 7:11 in the Septuagint
Do You hear what these are saying? (v.16) — The crowd, which apparently included young boys just beginning their religious training, was calling Jesus “Son of David,” which is the same as calling Him Messiah.
Have you never read (v.16) — from Psalm 8:2
Bethany (v.17) — a village on the eastern side of the Mount of Olives about a mile east of Jerusalem — where Lazarus and his sisters lived.
This took place on Monday.
According to Jewish tradition, this was the day the lamb was selected to be slain and eaten for the Passover. Christ, then, was presenting Himself at the time that the Jews were selecting a Passover lamb for themselves. — Pentecost, page 140.