22 For Jews request a sign, and Greeks seek after wisdom;
23 but we preach Christ crucified, to the Jews a stumbling block and to the Greeks foolishness,
24 but to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.
25 Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
sign (v.22) — Matthew 16:4; John 4:48
wisdom (v.22) — Acts 17:19-21
The Jews expected a victorious Messiah, accompanying His conquests by signs, and the establishment of the kingdom of Israel. In the mind of a Jew the claim that Jesus was the Christ was utterly refuted by the Cross. To Gentiles such a testimony was an impossible standard of wisdom. Celsus, who wrote against Christianity in the second century, speaks of Christians as “actually worshipping a dead man,” regarding this as a proof of the absurdity of the Christian faith. — Vine, page 13.
we (v.23) — emphasized
The subject of Gospel preaching is a Person — CHRIST. Christianity is not a theory about Christ; it is not a series of ethical statements proceeding from Christ; it is not a system built upon the concepts OF Christ. Christianity IS Christ! Christianity is not a cold, dead organization; it is a living organism, and it could not survive if Christ were removed from it, because He is the head and foundation of it. — Greene, page. 73.
stumbling block (v.23) — from Greek word for “a trap” — hindrance
those who are called (v.24) = “to the called themselves” — the same people referred to as “us” in v. 18 — The called know they are called in their own experience.
This simply means that whether Jew or Greek, those who hear the Gospel, who believe the Gospel, are saved — and that they KNOW what happens in their own hearts. — Greene, page 77.
foolishness/weakness of God (v.25) — from the viewpoint of man