9 Therefore God also has highly exalted Him and given Him the name which is above every name,
10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, and of those on earth, and of those under the earth,
11 and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Therefore (v.9) — because of everything in verses four through eight
exalted (v.9) = raise to supreme majesty, to the highest rank of power
given (v.9) = given freely — as a gift of love and approval
the name (v.9) — some commentaries say this is Jesus (Jehovah Is Salvation), some say it is “THE NAME,” some “King of Kings and Lord of Lords”
at the name (v.10) = should be “in the name” — in acknowledgment of all the Name stands for — authority, power, character
Jesus (v.10) — And she will bring forth a Son, and you shall call His name Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins” (Matthew 1:21).
every knee should bow (v. 10) — quote from Isaiah 45:23
Oh come, let us worship and bow down; let us kneel before the Lord our Maker (Psalm 95:6).
And it shall come to pass in that day that the Lord will thresh, from the channel of the River to the Brook of Egypt; and you will be gathered one by one, O you children of Israel. So it shall be in that day: the great trumpet will be blown; they will come, who are about to perish in the land of Assyria, and they who are outcasts in the land of Egypt, and shall worship the Lord in the holy mount at Jerusalem (Isaiah 27:12-13).
“And it shall come to pass that from one New Moon to another, and from one Sabbath to another, all flesh shall come to worship before Me,” says the Lord (Isaiah 66:23).
And it shall come to pass that everyone who is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Tabernacles (Zechariah 14:16).
But when He again brings the firstborn into the world, He says: “Let all the angels of God worship Him” (Hebrews 1:6).
those (v.10) — all animate creation (some commentaries include inanimate creation) — beings
those in heaven (v.10) — The Judgment Seat of Christ and the angels
those in earth (v.10) — the judgment of Israel and the nations at the end of the Tribulation
those under the earth (v.10) — the Great White Throne
The third event will transpire at the Great White Throne Judgment at the close of the millennium. In that day, all the unsaved of all ages, who are confined to the infernal regions under the earth will be raised from the dead. This is the second resurrection. The infernal regions made reference to here are located in hades, which is divided into three sections. The torment compartment where the unsaved presently reside, tartarus where the angels that sinned in the day of Noah are chained, and the abussos (bottomless pit) where Satan will be incarcerated during the millennial reign of Christ (Isaiah 14:9-11; Luke 16:19-31; 2 Peter 2:4; Revelation 20:1-3). All three of these realms are located in the center of the earth. — Sadler, page 116.
confess (v.11) = speak the same things — agree with, assent, admit — in Greek exomologeo — the “ex” means “out”, meaning publicly or openly.
Jesus Christ is Lord (v.11) — emphasis on “Lord” — in contrast with His servanthood in verse seven
glory of God the Father (v.11) — the ultimate object of the Son (John 17:4)