1 Thessalonians 4:6-8

that no one should take advantage of and defraud his brother in this matter, because the Lord is the avenger of all such, as we also forewarned you and testified.

For God did not call us to uncleanness, but in holiness.

Therefore he who rejects this does not reject man, but God, who has also given us His Holy Spirit.

take advantage (v.6) = step over, go beyond — the context here is sexual immorality

defraud (v.6) = covet, take advantage, with the idea of wanting something so much that you defraud another for your own gain — in the context, this is probably referring to coveting another person sexually to the point of taking advantage of him or her

brother (v.6) — No place else does Paul use this word of mankind in general. He always uses it of fellow believers. Some commentaries question which is meant here.

in this matter (v.6) — the context is sexual immorality — Paul’s point is probably that having sex outside of marriage is defrauding a brother of his wife (Exodus 20:17).

avenger (v.6) = one who deals justice, one who justly exacts a penalty — In Greek, frequently used of one who is a special advocate or champion of a particular city.

testified (v.6) = solemnly affirm — an intensified form of the verb translated “charged” in 1 Thessalonians 2:11.

for (v.7) — Paul is listing a second reason for possessing one’s vessel in honor — because God, who has done all for us, calls us to holiness. (The first reason is that God will exact a penalty.)

God … call[s] us in holiness (v.7) — tense indicates a definite act in the past

therefore (v.8) — indicates Paul’s concluding statement resulting from the argument has made in verses 1-7

rejects (v.8) = sets aside, disregards

has also given (v.8) — in the present tense, “gives”

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