28 Concerning the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but concerning the election they are beloved for the sake of the fathers.
29 For the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable.
enemies for your sake — God is judicially opposed to the Jews because of their disobedience, and owing to this, He is bringing Gentiles into the mercy from which Israel as a nation has been temporarily excluded.
for the fathers’ sakes — because of God’s covenant promises to the fathers.
calling — divine relationship
without repentance — God is immutable. His promises don’t change based on the attitude of men but will be fulfilled.
as touching the election — believing remnant is loved
for (verse 29) — continues the thought at the end of verse 28.
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