4 But as we have been approved by God to be entrusted with the gospel, even so we speak, not as pleasing men, but God who tests our hearts.
5 For neither at any time did we use flattering words, as you know, nor a cloak for covetousness—God is witness.
6 Nor did we seek glory from men, either from you or from others, when we might have made demands as apostles of Christ.
7 But we were gentle among you, just as a nursing mother cherishes her own children.
approved (v.1) = tested, examined, proved, or to accept after the proving has been accomplished
entrusted (v.1) = had faith in,
not as pleasing men (v.4) — tense is present continuous, expressing an aim — Paul’s aim was not to please men but to please God — Galatians 1:10
tests (v.1) = same word translated “approved” earlier in the verse
flattering words (v.5) = cajolery; i.e., an attempt to persuade by use of insincere speech — Ryrie
cloak (v.5) = pretext, excuse — something used to hide one’s true motives
covetousness (v.5) = a desire to have more, always (in the New Testament) in a bad sense
In regards to flattery, which is external, Paul appealed to his listeners. In regards to motive, which is internal and hidden, Paul appealed to God (v.5).
glory (v.6) = honor, renown, and, perhaps, the material rewards that result
or from others (v.6) — During their short stay at Thessalonica the missionaries had received supplies at least twice from the church at Philippi (Philippians 4:16); but the church at Thessalonica must not be allowed to suppose that these gifts had been sent in response to appeals. No appeal had been made save to God (Philippians 4:6). — Vine, page 32
when we might have (v.6) — “when we had the right, or authority, to”
demands (v.6) — for material support
apostles of Christ (v.6) — Paul is apparently including Silas and Timothy here — 1 Corinthians 9:1-14
gentle (v.7) = (referring to speech) placid, mild, using calming words
cherishes (v.7) — used of birds covering their young with their feathers