29 Let no corrupt word proceed out of your mouth, but what is good for necessary edification, that it may impart grace to the hearers.
30 And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.
31 Let all bitterness, wrath, anger, clamor, and evil speaking be put away from you, with all malice.
32 And be kind to one another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God in Christ forgave you.
corrupt (v.29) = rotten, worn out, unfit for use, worthless, bad
word (v.29) = logos = saying, utterance, speech
In Greek, the verse reads, “Every word that is corrupt, out of your mouth let it not be proceeding …”
grace (v.29) = charis = spiritual benefits that will accrue to the hearer
do not grieve (v.30) = lit. “stop grieving” — specifically in reference to what has just been said in v.29 about speaking
by whom 9v.30) = lit. “in whom” — the Holy Spirit is Himself the seal (see notes on Ephesians 1:13)
day of redemption (v.30) — the Rapture, when our physical bodies will be glorified (Romans 8:22-23)
all (v.31) = all manner of
bitterness (v.31) = resentfulness, harshness, virulence
wrath (v.31) = a violent outbreak of anger
clamor (v.31) = the outward manifestation of anger in vociferation (loud shouting) or brawling
evil speaking (v.31) = slanderous or injurious speech
put away (v.31) = carry off, bear away what has been raised, take away
be (v.32) = become — Paul is instructing the readers to abandon one mental condition and take up a new one.
kind (v.32) = benevolent, gracious
tenderhearted (v.32) = compassionate
forgiving (v.32) — “Forgiving” [here] is not aphiemi, the word usually used when God forgives our sins, which word means “to put away,” God forging our sins in the sense that He in the Person of His Son bore them on the Cross, paying the penalty, satisfying the just demands of His law, but charizomai, “to do a favor to, do something agreeable or pleasant to one, to show one’s self gracious, benevolent, to forgive in the sense of treating the offending party graciously.” The same word is used of God here forgiving us in Christ. — Wuest, page 117.