Romans 8:1-2 — There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus,
who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.
"who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit" — This phrase isn't in the original manuscripts.
Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty (2 Corinthians 3:17)
therefore — pointing back to chapter 7, but also to everything said since Romans 3:19.
no condemnation — "no" is heavily stressed in the Greek. This is a judicial matter.
- To the praise of the glory of His grace, wherein He hath made us accepted in the beloved (Ephesians 1:6).
- And ye are complete in Him, which is the head of all principality and power (Colossians 2:10).
condemnation — same as in Romans 5:16-18. The judgment for sin passed to all men from Adam.
Spirit of life = Spirit who gives life — It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life (John 6:63). The law of the Spirit is stronger and supersedes the law of sin and death.
"In Christ Jesus" goes with "hath made me free" — In Christ, the believer is set free — And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. He that hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life (1 John 5:11-12).
free — the tense indicates a definite time in the past
law of sin and death — see Romans 7:13, 21, 23, 25
It would be just as possible to condemn Christ as it would be to condemn a man who is now in Christ.