27 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole garrison around Him.
28 And they stripped Him and put a scarlet robe on Him.
29 When they had twisted a crown of thorns, they put it on His head, and a reed in His right hand. And they bowed the knee before Him and mocked Him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!”
30 Then they spat on Him, and took the reed and struck Him on the head.
31 And when they had mocked Him, they took the robe off Him, put His own clothes on Him, and led Him away to be crucified.
32 Now as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name. Him they compelled to bear His cross.
33 And when they had come to a place called Golgotha, that is to say, Place of a Skull,
34 they gave Him sour wine mingled with gall to drink. But when He had tasted it, He would not drink.
Praetorium (v.27) — the soldiers’ quarters
The scarlet robe, crown and reed (vs. 28-29) were to mock His claims to be a king.
struck Him (v.30) — So His visage was marred more than any man, and His form more than the sons of men (Isaiah 52:14).
Cyrene (v.32) — A Roman province in North Africa, home to many Jews
Golgotha (v.33) — Aramaic for “skull” — equivalent to the Latin calvaria, Calvary
It was probably about two-and-a-half hours from when Jesus first appeared before Pilate until He arrived at Golgotha (6:30 a.m. to 9:00 a.m.).
sour wine mingled with gall (34) — prophesied in Psalm 69:21 — given to prisoners as an anesthetic to reduce suffering. Jesus refused it.