1 For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him,
2 to whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all, first being translated “king of righteousness,” and then also king of Salem, meaning “king of peace,”
3 without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God, remains a priest continually.
Melchizedek (v.1) — Genesis 14:18-20; Psalm 110:4
Salem (v.1) — later Jerusalem — the word means “peace”
Abraham gave (v.2) — Abraham acknowledged Melchizedek as a priest
king of righteousness (v.2) — This is what “Melchizedek” means
king of peace (v.2) — where he was from (Salem)
without father, without mother (v.3) — Some commentaries say that this simply means that his geneology isn’t recorded in Scripture, but I was taught that it was evidence that he was the pre-incarnate Christ. In the Levitical priesthood, geneology is very important.
made like (v.3) = likened to — to produce a facsimile
The language used of him [Melchizedek] is full of mystery. “Priest of the most high God” — a title of the Supreme as Lord of heaven and earth — “king of righteousness:” “king of peace;” “without father, without mother, without geneaology, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like unto the Son of God.” Whatever meaning may be placed upon these words with reference to the type, it is certain that their application to Christ is meant to teach that it is as Son of God that He is High-priest. — Types in Hebrews, by Sir Robert Anderson, pages 29-30